Figure 1 location of the study area
The overarching goal of this study is to test innovative monitoring strategies for agricultural properties at watershed towards effectively locating erosions and correcting them, through the implementation of changes in soil management strategies. The purpose is to recover and restore degraded areas, and promote conservation agriculture. The results are, assessed by remote sensing and water quality indicators. In 2019, twelve years were completed of inspection/monitoring at Rio do Peixe watershed. From 2007 to 2017, 14,076 ha, were inspected at Vera Cruz sector, using the Conventional CDA methodology, with 94 properties having been notified. In Ocauçu, a total of 82 properties were notified, in a total surface of 9,027 ha. In Marília, the Innovative CDA Methodology was used, which allowed the inspection and rehabilitation of 52 properties, across 27,775 ha, from 2017 to 2018. After the notifications, the owners presented the conservationist technical projects for each property, which were, implemented using conservation practices, such as: improvement of vegetation cover and crop rotation, to control laminar erosion; and agricultural terracing, divergent channels and containment basin, to control gullies erosions. This work promoted a transformation from degrading agriculture to conservation agriculture, with degraded pastures having been altered into agricultural areas, with the implementation of the No-tillage. Pastures were recovered through the Integrated Crop-Livestock System, and occupancy rate was increased by 31%. This work has demonstrated to benefit Watershed farmers, by increasing their productivity and consequently the profit, as well as the local communities, improving the quality of water that supplies the region.
Figure 1 location of the study area
This work aimed to test innovations for the diagnosis of agricultural properties at Rio do Peixe Watershed, to locate erosions and to correct them by changing soil management, aiming at recovering degraded areas, rehabilitating them and promoting conservation agriculture, evaluating the results by remote sensing and water quality indicators. In 2019, it turned twelve years of inspection/monitoring at Rio do Peixe Watershed. From 2007 to 2017, using the Conventional CDA methodology, 14,076 ha were inspected at Vera Cruz sector, 94 properties were notified and in Ocauçu, 82 properties, located in 9,027 ha. As a work strategy, in Marília, the Innovative CDA Methodology was used, which allowed the inspection and rehabilitation of 52 properties in 27,775 ha, from 2017 to 2018. After the notifications, the owners presented the conservationist technical projects for each property, which were implemented, using conservation practices such as improving vegetation cover and crop rotation to control laminar erosion and agricultural terracing, divergent channels and containment basin to control gullies erosions. This work promoted a transformation from degrading agriculture to conservation agriculture, having degraded pastures transformed into an agricultural area, implementing the No-tillage system. Pastures were recovered by implementing the Integrated Crop-Livestock System; it was possible to increase the occupancy rate by 31% comparing to the original situation. This is a great work that benefits Watershed farmers, increasing productivity and consequently the profit, as well as for the local people improving the quality of water that supplies the region of Marília.
Figure 1 location of the study area
The objectives of this study are to test innovations for the farms diagnosis, to locate erosion and to correct them with changes in the way of soil management, to aiming transforming Rio do Peixe Watershed properties that were degraded, rehabilitating them, promoting conservationist agriculture whit evaluating the results through remote sensing and water quality indicators. Secretariat of Agriculture of São Paulo State (SA), responsible for applying the Soil Conservation Law, has been carrying out this study for 20 years, working up 772,000 ha, with 19,846 agricultural properties. In 2019, it turned twelve years of inspection/monitoring at the Rio do Peixe Watershed. From 2007 to 2017 14,076 ha were inspected in Vera Cruz, with notification of 94 properties that went from degraded into agricultural companies. In Ocauçu, 82 properties were notified, on 8,125 ha. Besides other tested methodologies, model airplanes and helicopters, in Marília the Innovative CAD Methodology was used, which allowed 52 properties to be inspected on 27,000 ha from 2017 to 2019. There were transformations of degrading agriculture into conservation agriculture on the study carried out at Rio do Peixe Watershed. Property with degraded pasture turned into an agricultural area, with the no-tillage system. Pastures were recovered with the Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems, where the occupancy rate was increased by 31% comparing to the original situation. It is a great work that benefits the Watershed farmers and the population in the region, including improving the water quality that supplies Marília. It is the SA “Caring for the Well-Being of Society”.