Satesh Kumar

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Letter to the editor:–Comment on: Hematopoietic stem cell transplant for erythropoietic porphyrias in pediatric patients–Authors:1. Satesh Kumar, 2.Mahima Khatri–correspondence: Satesh Kumar, 4th year MBBS student, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical College Liyari, KarachiAddress: Parsa citi Block E Floor 5th Flat 501 near police headquarter, Garden east Karachi.Contact: +92-3325252902 Email: [email protected] author: Mahima Khatri, final year MBBS student , Dow university of Health sciencesEmail: [email protected]–Word Count for: 484Disclosure: none to declareConflict of interest: none to declareAcknowledgements: none to declareComment on: Hematopoietic stem cell transplant for erythropoietic porphyrias in pediatric patientsTo the editor:We have read with great sincerity the article ”Hematopoietic stem cell transplant for erythropoietic porphyrias in pediatric patients”, YunZu M. Wang et al.1 It was a pleasure for us to read the concisely written article, and we congratulate the authors for their excellent efforts. The authors have succinctly written numerous scenarios. The final message of the article is that hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) rectifies the defective heme pathway and should be advised early in patients with severe erythropoietic porphyrias to minimize end-organ damage.Based on varied research2,3 on this lethal disease, we agree that HSCT should be considered early in patients to minimize the damage caused by this condition and enable patients to live a healthy lifestyle. However, we would like to mention a few points that we feel would enhance the quality of this article and add to the existing knowledge of this congenital disease. First, we speculate that the matching of samples would have drawn more meticulous results and increased the validity of the findings. The authors have not highlighted whether different mutations other than UROS exist. For instance, three male patients presented with the X-linked GATA1 gene mutation, an erythroid transcription factor on chromosome Xp11.23.2 Additionally, the study’s retrospective nature has limited reporting regimens accordingly, such as case reports in 2004 elaborated proper doses per body weight and intervals, I.e., Thymoglobulin and Busulphan were given at 5 mg/kg per day and cyclophosphamide at 65mg/kg per day as the conditioning regimen.4 Equivalently, prophylactic measures could have expatiated for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease.4 For illustration, patients were given cyclosporine infusion for 42 days with an initial dose of (3 mg/kg) followed by 6 mg/kg for six months orally to prevent any immunologic reaction to transplant.Secondly, as it is established that the immune system of the pediatric population is not well developed, the authors should have mentioned if any workup for infectious etiologies was sent, such as TORCH (Toxoplasmosis, Syphilis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes simplex virus, and HIV) infections.5 Furthermore, with other factors such as any environmental exposure exaggerating possible porphyria, the authors must have provided data on their environment and surroundings since birth, considering it may also impact. Given the health concerns in the paediatrics population, varying ways could be quoted for differential diagnosis, such as a simple bedside method is wood lamp examination of the diaper or urine if available, for coral-red fluorescence.5 Positivity of tests could raise concerns for further investigation, such as porphyrin levels and genetic testing.In addition to these, the authors could have commented on various other possible ways to avoid exposure to light, such as wearing sun-protective clothing and using window filters in cars and homes.2Yet, that could have also negatively impacted children as sunlight is a natural source of vitamin D. Finally, different approaches should be used to improve investigations and treatments. New treatment concepts should be augmented so that other therapeutic options become employable.