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Differentiating characteristics of asthmatic patients in the SARS-CoV2 infection
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  • Jose Lemus Calderon,
  • Pedro Beneyto Martin,
  • Raul Guzman Rodriguez,
  • Horacio Caligaris Cataldi,
  • Nieves Cabañes,
  • Carlos Senent
Jose Lemus Calderon
Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo
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Pedro Beneyto Martin
Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo
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Raul Guzman Rodriguez
Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo
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Horacio Caligaris Cataldi
Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo
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Nieves Cabañes
Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo
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Carlos Senent
Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo
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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic has caused more than fifteen million infections worldwide. Our aim is to investigate the differentiating characteristics in asthmatic patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection in the community of Castilla la Mancha. METHODS: We used the Savana® software and its algorithm based on Big Data and artificial intelligence, performed a retrospective search of the diagnoses of COVID 19 and asthma in the digitized medical records with positive RT-PCR results for SARS-CoV-2, and analysed the demographic characteristics, comorbidities, hospitalization data and deaths. RESULTS: 6,310 patients with positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 were selected, of which 577 had a diagnosis of asthma with a prevalence of 9.14%. The mean age in SARS-CoV-2 (SC2) was 59 ±19 years of age and in SARS-CoV2-asthma (SC2-A) 55 ±20 years of age. SC2 included 2983 (41%) men and 3327 (59%) women, while SC2-A included 198 (31%) men and 379 (69%) women. High blood pressure (BP) was the most common comorbidity in both groups (51%). 2,164 SC2 (34.2%) and 131 SC2-A (22.7%) required hospitalization with an asthma prevalence of 6.05%. 250 SC2 (3.96%) and 21 SC2-A (3.64%) died. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of asthma in our SARS-CoV-2 positive RT-PCR population was 9.14% and 6.05% in hospitalized patients. HBP is the most frequent comorbidity in both groups, and smoking is the only one with significant differences, more frequent in asthmatics. Mortality is lower in patients with asthma

Peer review status:Published

Sep 2020Published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 10.1016/j.anai.2020.09.004