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Phenotypic Similarities Within The Morphologic Spectrum Of DICER1-Associated Sarcomas and Pleuropulmonary Blastoma -- Histopathologic Features Suggesting Genetic Testing and Counselling
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  • Paromita Roy,
  • Anirban Das,
  • Angad Singh,
  • Joyshree Panda,
  • Arpita Bhattacharya,
  • Anisha Gehani,
  • Mayur Parihar,
  • Reghu Sukumaran,
  • Rimpa Achari,
  • Rita Alaggio,
  • Amanda Field,
  • Ashley Hill,
  • Louis Dehner,
  • Kris Ann Schultz
Paromita Roy
Tata Medical Center
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Anirban Das
Tata Medical Center
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Angad Singh
Tata Medical Center
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Joyshree Panda
Tata Medical Center
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Arpita Bhattacharya
Tata Medical Center
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Anisha Gehani
Tata Medical Center
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Mayur Parihar
Tata Medical Center
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Reghu Sukumaran
Tata Medical Center
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Rimpa Achari
Tata Medical Center
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Rita Alaggio
University of Padova
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Amanda Field
ResourcePath
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Ashley Hill
George Washington University School of Health Sciences
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Louis Dehner
Washington University in Saint Louis
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Kris Ann Schultz
University of Minnesota
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Abstract

Context - DICER1-associated sarcomas are rare. These are currently described under a wide variety of appellations; morphologic characterizations in reported cases and sites of occurrence have also been disparate. Design – We aimed to review pediatric sarcomas associated with DICER1-mutation reported at our center, along with literature review, to identify histologic hallmarks for diagnosis. Results - A 12 year old girl with intracranial sarcoma mimicking mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, a 16 year old girl with broad ligament sarcoma mimicking fibrosarcoma and a 5 month old girl with vaginal sarcoma mimicking embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma showed DICER1-mutation. All three tumors though seemingly diverse, had an uncanny resemblance, comprising of a primitive mesenchyme-like spindle cell component with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation on immunohistochemistry. Primitive blastema, chondroid differentiation and foci of anaplasia mimicking pleuropulmonary blastoma histology were variably present. One case showed primitive neuroblastic differentiation. Though the constellation of features reported in literature is quite varied, rhabdomyoblastic differentiation has been ubiquitously reported in tumours across sites. Molecular testing showed gain of chromosome 8 in 2 cases. All 3 cases responded to alternating Vincristine, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide / Cisplatin, etoposide and ifosfamide (VDC/PEI) backbone followed by maintenance chemotherapy. Conclusion - We highlight this morphologic hallmark of rhabdomyoblastic differentiation with or without chondroid differentiation, in primitive appearing pediatric sarcomas, especially of female genital tract and brain, which should raise a flag to test for DICER1 pathogenic variation. This is crucial in low / middle income countries where sequencing is not done routinely. Timely diagnosis can ensure appropriate treatment and implementation of surveillance protocols for those with germline mutation.