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Evaluation of neural network emulations for radiation parameterization in cloud resolving model
  • Soonyoung Roh,
  • Hwan-Jin Song
Soonyoung Roh
National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Korea Meteorological Administration
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Hwan-Jin Song
National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Korea Meteorological Administration

Corresponding Author:hwanjinsong@gmail.com

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Abstract

This study evaluated the forecast performance of neural network (NN)-based radiation emulators with 300 and 56 neurons developed under the cloud-resolving simulation. These emulators are 20–100 times cheaper to employ than the original parameterization and express evolutionary features well for 6 hrs. The results suggest that the frequent use of an NN emulator can improve not only computational speed but also forecasting accuracy in comparison to the infrequent use of original radiation parameterization, which is commonly used for speedup but can induce numerical instability as a result of imbalance with other processes. The forecast error of the emulator results was much improved in comparison with that for infrequent radiation runs with similar computational cost. The 56-neuron emulator results were even more accurate than the infrequent runs, which had a computational cost five times higher. The speed and accuracy advantages of radiation emulators can be utilized for weather forecasting.